Hungarian Fémáru FÉG 48.M Walam Pistol



Police Pistol M.48
Rendõrségi Pisztoly 48.M (48.Minta) (also called 48.R)

Type: blowback operated automatic pistol
22,000 Made by Fémáru és Szerszámgépgyár N.V. Budapest, Hungary, 1948-57
Chambering: 7.65x17mm (7.65 Browning = .32acp)
Factory Code BR-1
Length overall: 175mm [6.89"]
Barrel: 100mm [3.94"] rifled
Weight unloaded: 700g [24.7oz]
Magazine: 7-round detachable box
Muzzle velocity: 300m/s [987 fps]

In 1946 the BM (Belügyminisztérium = Ministry of the Interior) requested a Walther PP type service pistol for the Hungarian Police to replace their aging WW1-era Frommer Stop Pistols. One of the pre-WW2 Fémáru design engineers, Lajos Elődy was called back to manage the project. The resulting design was a copy of the Wather PP with slight modifications. Most Walther PP parts were interchangeable with the 48.M. Post-war PP mags also fit the 48.M.

The pistol was adopted by the police in 1948, hence the 48.M designation. The original Police Contract was 22000 pistols, from that number about 11,500 went to the National Police, 10,000 went to the Vám- és Pénzügyőrség (Border and Bank Guards) and 450 hard-chromed pistols went to the high ranking police officials.

After the 7.65mm police contract was fullfilled in 1950, the pistol was offered for other units and for export.

During the 1956 Revolution a small number of 48.M's were supplied to party officials for self defense. The slide of these pistols were stamped 'POLGÁRI' [civilian].

The manufacturer's legend on the slide: 'FÉMÁRU ÉS SZERSZÁMGÉPGYÁR N.V. BUDAPEST 48.M. KAL. 7.65mm.'

The pistol featured a distictive finger rest magazine.
The grips were redish-brownish bakelite with crests. Early manufactured grips had the 'Hungarian Police Crest', the later versions had the 'Rakosi Crest'. A few pistols were reported with a post-1956 'Kadar Crest', probably replacements.

The pistol was in police service until 1959, when it was gradually replaced with other Fémáru pistols chambered for the Warsaw Pact Standard Makarov 9mm: RK-59, R-61 and PA-63.

Note: This pistol called the Rendõr (Police) Model 48, or 48.R or 48.M, which can lead to confusion with the Hungarian Army Model 48 (the copy of the Soviet Tokarev TT-33). The 7.65mm Police 48.M was never adopted by the Hungarian Army.

Serial numbering:
All pistols had an 'R' prefix (For Rendorseg), followed by a dash and a 5-digit serial number, est. range from R-00001 - R-22000. (Actual numbers reported: R-08788 - R-19742)


Walam Pisztoly 48.M (48.Minta)

There are at least 3 different .380 ACP Walam 48 Variants have been observed, as follows:


Walam 48 - Egyptian Contract With Crest - Variant 1.

Type: blowback operated steel framed automatic pistol
7000 - 10000 manufactured by Fémáru Fegyver és Gépgyár, Budapest, Hungary, 1958-60
Chambering: 9mm Browning Short (.380 ACP)
Factory Code: BR2 - for BRowning, (Before it was named Walam)
Length overall: 175mm [6.89"], Barrel: 100mm [3.94"] rifled
Weight unloaded: 725g [25.6oz]
Magazine: 8-round detachable box
Muzzle velocity: 920 fps

In 1957 a contract from Egypt was received for the 9mm version of the 48.M Police Pistol, alongside with a similar Egyptian Military Contract for the Tokagypt 58 Pistols. The Police Contract pistols were named Walam. WALAM is short for WAlther-LAMpart, where 'Walther' refers to its Walther PP origin, Lampart refers to FÉG's short lived post-WW2 name, Lámpagyár Rt, and Lámpagyár NV after it was nationalized. The contract was terminated for political reasons or for a failed payment (sources differ), after 10000 pistols were delivered. Our serial number data research shows only 7000 pistols were delivered, assuming that the Egyptian Crested pistols were delivered, the others were not. Either way, the remaining pistols were sold commercially.

Serial numbering:
All Egyptian Contract pistols had an 'E' prefix (For Egypt), followed by a 5-digit serial number, est. ranges from E00001 - E04000 and E07000 - E10100. (Actual numbers reported: E01033 - E03488 and E07761 - E10054). Apparently serials between E04000 - E07000 are Variant 2 below.

The WALAM is a high quality modified copy of the German 7.65mm Walther PP chambering the 9mm Browning Short ammo. Reportedly some of the parts were made and supplied by Walther. Most parts, including the magazine are interchangeable with the post-war Walther PP. The loaded-chamber indicator is mounted on the top left of the Walam slide rather than at the rear of the slide as does the Walther. These pistols are 19mm [.75"] longer than the PP. Loading, firing, and field stripping of these steel framed pistols is the same as that of German Walther PP and PPK.
The pistols safety mechanism and firing pin system was an impoved version of the PP by Fémáru's weapon designer, József Kameniczky.

The 1958 made Walams were marked 'WALAM 48 Cal. 9mm Brow. Short' 'Made in Hungary FÉG 1958' on the left side of the slide, right next to the Crest of Egypt. The grips were plain checkered, did not have the Hungarian Crest.

Hungarian FEG inspection stamps can be found on the frame and on the slide in the form of a heart-shape circled 'I'.


Walam 48 - Without Egyptian Crest - Variant 2.

Type: blowback operated steel framed automatic pistol
Est 3000 Manufactured by Fémáru Fegyver és Gépgyár, Budapest, Hungary, 1958-60
Chambering: 9mm Browning Short (.380 ACP)
Length overall: 175mm [6.89"], Barrel: 100mm [3.94"] rifled
Weight unloaded: 725g [25.6oz]
Magazine: 8-round detachable box
Muzzle velocity: 920 fps

This Variant is the same as Variant 1, except the Crest of Egypt was omitted from the slide.

Approx 3000 were marked this way between serials E04000 - E07000, (Actual numbers reported: E04680 - E06899).

Pressure testing, caliber and serial numbers are visible on the bolt.

Typical Hungarian FEG inspection stamps can be found on the frame and on the slide in the form of a heart-shape circled 'I'.


Walam 48 - Without Legend - Variant 3.

Type: blowback operated steel framed automatic pistol
Est less than 100 Manufactured by Fémáru Fegyver és Gépgyár, Budapest, Hungary, 1958-60
Chambering: 9mm Browning Short (.380 ACP)
Length overall: 175mm [6.89"], Barrel: 100mm [3.94"] rifled
Weight unloaded: 725g [25.6oz]
Magazine: 8-round detachable box
Muzzle velocity: 920 fps

This Variant is the same as Variant 2, except there is no legend on the slide, except for the importer's markings.

Est. less than 100 were imported this way. There is no indication that these pistols had any old markings removed. Most likely unmarked new or replacement slides were used without any Walam 48 type markings. Probably a small run. Only one serial number was reported, E01990, which falls into the Variant 1 serial range. Assumably serials will be randomly scattered between the known range.

The slide was importer marked by Century Arms with: 'C.A.I. Georgia, VT' 'Made in Hungary' 'Walam 48 Cal.380'
This Variant was imported in 2011, obviously not directly from FEG.


Additional variants are possible:

- There are claims that some of the Walam Pistols were exported and sold through Hege-Waffen of West Germany. This would mean that there is a variant with 'HEGE' stamped into the frame.
- Another claim is that British marked Walams can be found and some examples may have both British and Hege markings.
- There are reports of an unknown marking: crowned (and superimposed) CP marks can be found on the frame and slide. Please notify the author if you know the origin of the CP marks.
Please provide data & updates to correct and expand this webpage.


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