Austro-Hungarian Werndl Infantry Rifles and Carbines
Made by Österreichische Waffenfabriks-Gesellschaft, Steyr, 1878-85
Caliber: 11x58mm rimmed
Rotary-block breech, with an external hammer
1265mm [49.8"] overall, 4.20kg [9.2 lbs]
840mm [33.1"] barrel, 6-groove rifling, RH, concentric
Ramp-and-leaf sight graduated to 2100 paces
Muzzle velocity 455m/sec with M1877 rifle cartridge
M1873 saber bayonet
|Trials of improved cartridges in 1875-77 led to a better rifle, adopted in December, 1877. The principal differences between the M1873 and M1877 rifles - and the assorted conversions - lay in the sights; rifles chambering the new long-case 11x58mm M1877 cartridge would not fire the short-case 1867 pattern, though unconverted guns were deliberately left in the Austrian Landwehr and the Hungarian Honvédség to expend existing supplies.|
|The 11x58mm cartridge was issued from December 25, 1878. It seems that no 1877-type rifles had been issued by this time, and thus that there was no need
to re-graduate sights.|
Adoption of a relined propellant in 1881 raised velocity slightly (apparently to about 465 m/sec) and allowed the back sight graduations to be increased to 2200 paces.
After the introduction of Mannlichers, starting in 1888, Werndls were passed down through second-line and lines-of-communication troops to the Landwehr and
then into storage. Survivors were reissued during WW1. A WW1 Ersatz bayonet shown.
|Made by Österreichische Waffenfabriks-Gesellschaft, Steyr, 1878-85.|
Caliber: 11x42mm, rimmed.
Rotary-block breech, with an external hammer.
1004mm [39.5"] overall, 3.25kg [7.2 lbs].
580mm [22.8"] barrel, 6-groove rifling, RH, concentric.
Ramp-and-leaf sight graduated to 1600 paces.
Muzzle velocity 307 m/sec with M1877 ball cartridge.
M1873 saber bayonet
This carbine was approved to replace the 1867 and 1873-pattern carbines in 1878. The new cartridge was interchangeable with its predecessors, but much more powerful. Consequently, the 1877-pattern Kropatschek-designed sight was graduated to 1600 paces compared with only 600 for the original carbine round.