Austro-Hungarian Werndl Infantry Rifles and Carbines

Werndl Model 1877 Infantry Rifle
Infanterie- und Jagergewehre M1877

Made by Österreichische Waffenfabriks-Gesellschaft, Steyr, 1878-85
Caliber: 11x58mm rimmed
Quantity: 300,000
Rotary-block breech, with an external hammer
1265mm [49.8"] overall, 4.20kg [9.2 lbs]
840mm [33.1"] barrel, 6-groove rifling, RH, concentric
Ramp-and-leaf sight graduated to 2100 paces
Muzzle velocity 455m/sec with M1877 rifle cartridge
M1873 saber bayonet

Trials of improved cartridges in 1875-77 led to a better rifle, adopted in December, 1877. The principal differences between the M1873 and M1877 rifles - and the assorted conversions - lay in the sights; rifles chambering the new long-case 11x58mm M1877 cartridge would not fire the short-case 1867 pattern, though unconverted guns were deliberately left in the Austrian Landwehr and the Hungarian Honvédség to expend existing supplies.

The 11x58mm cartridge was issued from December 25, 1878. It seems that no 1877-type rifles had been issued by this time, and thus that there was no need to re-graduate sights.

Adoption of a relined propellant in 1881 raised velocity slightly (apparently to about 465 m/sec) and allowed the back sight graduations to be increased to 2200 paces.

After the introduction of Mannlichers, starting in 1888, Werndls were passed down through second-line and lines-of-communication troops to the Landwehr and then into storage. Survivors were reissued during WW1. A WW1 Ersatz bayonet shown.

Werndl Model 1877 Infantry Carbine
Karabiner M1877

Made by Österreichische Waffenfabriks-Gesellschaft, Steyr, 1878-85.
Caliber: 11x42mm, rimmed.
Rotary-block breech, with an external hammer.
1004mm [39.5"] overall, 3.25kg [7.2 lbs].
580mm [22.8"] barrel, 6-groove rifling, RH, concentric.
Ramp-and-leaf sight graduated to 1600 paces.
Muzzle velocity 307 m/sec with M1877 ball cartridge.
M1873 saber bayonet

This carbine was approved to replace the 1867 and 1873-pattern carbines in 1878. The new cartridge was interchangeable with its predecessors, but much more powerful. Consequently, the 1877-pattern Kropatschek-designed sight was graduated to 1600 paces compared with only 600 for the original carbine round.